3rd Annual

Gullah Geechee Awards Banquet




 October 25, 2014


10:00AM TO 4:00PM




who participated in the

3rd Annual












A special THANKS to



The festival included performances, food vendors, merchandise/craft vendors, and information vendors, as well as free admission to the museum. Our focus in 2014 will be on celebrating the Gullah Geechee culture in Jacksonville. The festival will also include a Chocolate City historical tour supported by our sponsor, which will take visitors to various historical sites in the nearby Jacksonville area which are significant to Black History.


















A special thank you for participating on this Gullah Geechee Tour. Our goal is to continue to promote learning with the establishment of another Gullah Geechee educational tour this summer, going from Florida to Wilmington, NC, four nights and five days. If you have dates you would like to travel let us know as we map out this adventure.

Our collaboration, UNESCO-TST, JGGCDC and SPOHP have co-organized in providing participants an opportunity to visit national monuments, to learn the history of rice production, to understand legal terms such as "regulatory agency,"become acquainted with Gullah Geechee cultural expressions and explore the Legacy of the Gullah Geechee Culture on the highway 17 Corridor from Jacksonville, Florida to Charleston, South Carolina. This tour confirms that people of African, heritage retained and passed on their cultural identity through families, religion, music, spoken words, labor, crafts and cuisines. These tours are active exchanges promoting and sustaining a focus on Gullah Geechee history.

A special thank you for participating on this Gullah Geechee Tour. Our goal is to continue to promote learning with the establishment of another Gullah Geechee educational tour this summer, going from Florida to Wilmington, NC, four nights and five days. If you have dates you would like to travel let us know as we map out this adventure.

Sherry Dupree

         . "Who Knows You May be Gullah Geechee and Don't Know It!"



History and Culture


History, Language, Society, Culture, and Change

Before construction of Sea Pines Plantation, Gullah/Geechee residents had been free to hunt and fish all over Hilton Head Island. Suddenly fences and gates blocked much of the land. Residents were cut off from their hunting and fishing grounds as well as their traditional burial grounds. Fences meant that Gullah/Geechee islanders could no longer “go in duh creek” to get supper. The Sea Pines story has been repeated many times over on islands all over the study area. Nick Lindsey, local historian, asked an old friend on Edisto to talk about the differences between the “old days” and today (2000).

Everything change up now. In the old day, money? Take him or leave him, be all right. Now? Must have him now. Everything change up now.



The Gullah/Geechee people are descendents of enslaved Africans from various ethnic groups of west and central Africa. Brought to the New World and forced to work on the plantations of coastal South Carolina, Georgia, North Carolina and Florida, Gullah/Geechee people have retained many aspects of their African heritage due to the geographic barriers of the coastal landscape and the strong sense of place and family of Gullah/Geechee community members.

Today, the cultural and linguistic umbrella of the Gullah/Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor extends from Wilmington, NC to Jacksonville, FL. People who identify as Gullah or Geechee represent the many ways that Africans in the Americas have held on to and amalgamated the traditions of Africa with the cultures they encountered both during and after enslavement.

An excerpt from the National Park Service Special Resource Study /http://www.nps.gov/


The Rebirth of the Gullah-Geechee Indigenous People in Jacksonville, Florida

Florida State Senator Anthony "Tony" Hill discuss the rich legacy of the Gullah-Geechee descendants in North Florida (Duval County and The City of Jacksonville, Florida).

Click link below to watch video.


The Rebirth of the Gullah-Geechee Indigenous People in Jacksonville, Florida "FEEL THE SPIRIT OF OUR ANCESTORS"

Senator Anthony Hill Gives a Special Shout-Out to Mr. James Jackson


Florida's Role in the Civil War:
"Supplier of the Confederacy"

Background Information

Settlers began to move to Florida once it became a United States territory. By the mid 1800s, it was a rural territory with large farms and plantations. In 1845 when Florida became a state, the population was approximately 140,000. Of these, 63,000 were African Americans, most of whom were slaves. The state's economy was based on cattle and crops. Slavery was practiced in Florida but not all African Americans were slaves. Many bought their freedom or were freed by their owners. Some were Creoles, free descendents of Spanish citizens of African ancestry. When Florida became a state, it was considered a slave state. This was an important factor in Florida's part in the Civil War.

Many states in the north did not believe in the practice of owning slaves and began to abolish slavery. By 1860, slavery was only found in the southern states and territories. The Presidential election that year was based on two candidates who debated about slavery. Many southern states were upset because Abraham Lincoln discussed stopping the spread of slavery. He did not want slavery in the west and hoped that it would eventually die out in the south. He was elected President on November 6, 1860. South Carolina decided to secede from the Union on December 20th. That meant that it would not recognize the United States as its government and instead would make its own state laws.

On January 10, 1861, Florida seceded as well. It became a separate state from the Union. By February, Florida and six other southern states had formed a new government, the Confederate States of America. Four other states joined a month later. The Confederate states were South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana, Tennessee, Texas, and Arkansas. Jefferson Davis, from Mississippi, was elected President and Montgomery, Alabama was selected as the capital, though it was soon moved to Richmond, Virginia.Union troops refused to leave Fort Pickens when Florida seceded from the Union.

The Civil War

Decades of growing strife between North and South erupted in civil war on April 12, 1861, when Confederate artillery opened fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. The two major issues of the Civil War were slavery and state's rights. Many families lost all or most of the men of the family. Sometimes brother fought against brother or cousin against cousin as families differed in their view on slavery and loyalty to the United States. Not all southerners supported slavery, so they fought for the North, and not all northerners supported the war against the South. The border states between the North and the South had the most difficulties during the war.





Extracts from John Newton's Journal http://www.international/SlaveryMuseum

 English sailor and evangelical Anglican cleric. Starting his career at sea at a young age, he became involved with the slave trade for a few years. After experiencing a Christian conversion, he became a cleric and hymn-writer. 



 The following extracts are from slave trader John Newton's journal during the 'Middle Passage' voyage across the Atlantic in 1754.

Thursday 16 May

"...long boat came on board from Grande Bassa. I sent Billinge (second mate) chiefly to satisfy myself of the state and price of slaves. He says the glut we heard so much of is entirely over, the Brittannia and Ranger having met very few. About Settra Crue there is still plenty (upon the account of a war very probably begun with that view) but extravagantly dear....He brought me a sample of the prices in a woman slave he bought at Bassa, which upon costing up the goods I find cost 96 bars, and I ordered him to get one upon any terms for that reason. That I might not think he gave more than usual, he brought me a list of goods he saw Saunders pay for a man which amounts to 102 bars, and the farther to leeward the dearer still. l think I have sufficient reason not to go down, for setting aside the cost, the assortments in demand there would ruin me soon. How others do I cannot conceive, for I think there was hardly any better stocked than myself."

Wednesday 22 May

"...At 3am. weighed with a small brease at west, bound (by God's permission) for Antigua. Made but little way by reason of the great head swell and the brease faint, but just at noon freshened a little;...Saw the Carolina schooner at anchor under the land, believe Mr. Smith was coming to trade with me. He said he would if he got any slaves, but as l limited him to 4 days he can't well blame me, it being 9 since I was with him."

Sunday 26 May

"...ln the evening, by the favour of Providence, discovered a conspiracy among the men slaves to rise upon us, but a few hours before it was to have been executed. A young man, who has been the whole voyage out of irons, first on account of a large ulcer, and since for his seeming good behaviour, gave them a large marline spike down the gratings, but was happily seen by one of the people. They had it in possession about an hour before I made search for it, in which time they made such good dispatch (being an instrument that made no noise) that this morning I've found near 20 of them had broke their irons. Are at work securing them."

Monday 27 May

"...A hard tornado came on so quick that had hardly time to take in a small sail; blew extream hard for 3 hours with heavy rain...At noon little wind....ln the afternoon secured all the men's irons again and punished 6 of the ringleaders of the insurrection."

Tuesday 28 May

"...Secured the after bulkhead of the men's room, for they had started almost every stantient. Their plot was exceedingly well laid, and had they been let alone an hour longer, must have occasioned us a good deal of trouble and damage. l have reason to be thankful they did not make attempts upon the coast when we had often 7 or 8 of our best men out of the ship at a time and the rest busy. They still look very gloomy and sullen and have doubtless mischief in their heads if they could find every opportunity to vent it. But I hope (by the Divine Assistance) we are fully able to overawe them now..."

Wednesday 29 May

"...At noon a tornado from the eastward...hard rain; filled 4 casks of water. Brought some camwood and the 4 guns from forward to aft, the ship being too much by the head. ...Buryed a boy slave (No 86) of a flux. Had 3 girls taken with fevers this morning. ...The moon was eclipsed about 3/4 ths. Began to be dark at 1/2 past 10 and continued till 40 minutes past one by our glass."

Saturday 1 June

"...At 6am departed this life Mr Robert Arthur, our surgeon, of a fever which seized him a few days before we left St John's. l would willingly have persuaded him to stay behind, but could not, as he did not apprehend himself in so much danger (nor indeed any one else) as he really was."

Wednesday 12 June

"....Got the slaves up this morn. Washed them all with fresh water. They complained so much that was obliged to let them go down again when the rooms were cleaned. Buryed a man slave (No 84) of a flux, which he has been struggling with near 7 weeks... "

Thursday 13 June

"...This morning buryed a woman slave (No 47) Know not what to say she died of for she has not been properly alive since she first came on board."

Sunday 16 June

"... In the afternoon we were alarmed with a report that some of the men slaves had found means to poyson the water in the scuttle casks upon the deck, but upon enquiry found they had only conveyed some of their country fetishes, as they call them, or talismans into one of them, which they had the credulity to suppose must inevitably kill all who drank of it. But if it please God they make no worse attempts than to charm us to death, they will not much harm us, but it shews their intentions are not wanting..."

Tuesday 18 June

"...The air is so sharp that the slaves cannot stand the deck, not even to mess or wash. In the forenoon passed a few small parcels of gulphweed."

Saturday 22 June

"...Being pretty warm, got up the men and washed all the slaves with fresh water. l am much afraid of another ravage from the flux, for we have had 8 taken within these few days. Have seen 2 or 3 tropick birds and a few flying fish."

Monday 24 June

"...Buryed a girl slave (No 92). In the afternoon while we were off the deck, William Cooney seduced a woman slave down into the room and lay with her brutelike in view of the whole quarter deck, for which I put him in irons. l hope this has been the first affair of the kind on board and I am determined to keep them quiet if possible. If anything happens to the woman I shall impute it to him, for she was big with child. Her number is 83..."

Thursday 27 June

"...When we were putting the slaves down in the evening, one that was sick jumped overboard. Got him in again but he dyed immediately between his weakness and the salt water he had swallowed, tho I imagine he would have lived but a little while being quite worn out..."

Friday 28 June

"...By the favour of Divine Providence made a timely discovery today that the slaves were forming a plot for an insurrection. Surprised 2 of them attempting to get off their irons, and upon farther search in their rooms, upon the information of 3 of the boys, found some knives, stones, shot, etc, and a cold chissel. Upon enquiry there appeared 8 principally concerned to move in projecting the mischief and 4 boys in supplying them with the above instruments. Put the boys in irons and slightly in the thumbscrews to urge them to a full confession. We have already 36 men out of our small number."

Saturday 29 June

"...ln the morning examined the men slaves and punished 6 of the principal, put 4 of them in collars."

Tuesday 2 July

"...At daylight made Antigua right ahead and very near..."

Wednesday 3 July

"...Anchored in Basse-terre road. Had afterwards continual rain. Went on shoar, took horse and waited upon Mr Guichard at Sandy Point."

Thursday 4 July

"...He returned with me and it was concluded to run the ship down to Sandy point, which we accordingly did on Thursday; anchored there and moored a little after sunset."

Friday 5 July

"...in the morning Mr Guichard went off with me to view the slaves. When came on shore again, after comparing orders and intelligence, he judged it best for the concern to sell here, if I approved it, without which, he was pleased to say, he would do nothing, tho my letters from the owners referred me wholly to his direction. It seems by all I can learn that this is likely to prove as good a market as any of the neighbouring islands; and as for Jamaica or America, I should be extremely loth to venture so far, for we have had the men slaves so long on board that their patience is just worn out, and I am certain they would drop fast had we another passage to make. Monday is appointed for the sale."

Saturday 6 July

"...Entered in the custom house at Sandy point. Busy in preparations for landing the slaves."

Monday 8 July

"...Landed the slaves. Sold all to about 20."

Wednesday 10 July

"...Buryed one of the remaining slaves, a man (No 52)."

Monday 15 July

"...Began to take in sugar."